The best easy authentic Swedish Cardamom buns (plus vegan version)

These plant-based easy authentic Swedish Cardamom buns (kardemummabullar) are fluffy, sweet, big, soft, and mouthwateringly delicious. This is the only cardamom roll recipe you will ever need. It’s the best easy fluffy cardamom knots/buns recipe that creates the authentic pull-apart melt-in-your-mouth true Swedish cardamom knots. And it includes options to make ahead of time, overnight, or freeze them. Plus, a vegan version that makes the best authentic Swedish cardamom buns vegan copycat you may ever try.

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Pillowy soft and utterly delicious plant-based Cardamom buns recipe

Mmm, cardamom rolls. Or cardamon buns to my UK friends. And kardemummabullar in Sweden. A pillowy brioche dough, buttery melt-in-your-mouth deliciousness, and cardamom and cinnamon sugar peeking out of every twist, nook, and cranny. And then there’s the center. Gooey, cardamom cinnamon sugar glazed, pull-apart, sweet caramelized deliciousness with every bite.

Your holiday brunches, your afternoon treat, your quiet morning with a cup of coffee, your date with a movie and a warm blanket, your quiet time curled up with a good book…all of these things just got a thousand times tastier with these cardamom buns.

Delicious, soft and pillowy cardamon rolls

We all know and adore cinnamon rolls and Cinnabons…and they’re definitely on my must-make list for every holiday. But sharing the first place with cinnamon rolls is cardamom rolls. Cardamom rolls are a traditional Swedish pastry served at every Christmas, holiday, and pretty much any occasion. They’re so fluffy, buttery, and delicious that Scandinavians use any and every excuse and event to make these tasty buns.

This traditional Swedish Cardamom buns recipe comes straight from my grandmother and has been passed down from generation to generation. It’s incredibly fluffy, and delicately sweet, with Caramelized melty crunchy sugar and all the decadent cardamom holiday flavors you can dream of. Get ready for your kitchen to smell amazing.

Ingredients in authentic Swedish cardamom rolls or kardamumma boller

  • water
  • whole milk
  • yeast, preferably instant yeast
  • bread flour
  • salted butter or margarine
  • granulated sugar
  • cardamom seeds, ground
  • 1 teaspoon salt

Ingredients to make vegan cardamom rolls Filling

  • salted butter or margarine
  • granulated sugar
  • salt

Cardamom sugar for topping (the must-have topping for authentic Swedish kardemummabullar)

  • granulated sugar (or brown sugar)
  • cardamom seeds, ground

Topping

  • Cardamom sugar
  • Egg for brushing – both to bind the sugar and to give the buns a nice glossy top.

How to make gluten-free cardamom rolls (kardamumma boller)

You are going to make gluten-free cardamom rolls the same way you would make regular authentic Swedish cardamom buns. The only difference is in the flour. For the best buns, you want to use good gluten-free bread flour to make the best fluffy buns. I can’t recommend almond flour or other gluten-free flour substitutes for this recipe as none of them would give the dough the fluffy texture and delicious pull-apart softness that gluten-free bread flour would.

Ingredients to make gluten-free cardamom knots

  • water
  • non-dairy milk like almond milk or cashew milk
  • yeast, preferably instant yeast
  • gluten-free bread flour
  • salted non-dairy vegan butter or margarine
  • granulated sugar
  • cardamom seeds, ground
  • 1 teaspoon salt

Ingredients to make vegan cardamom rolls Filling

  • non-dairy butter or margarine
  • sugar
  • salt

Cardamom sugar for topping (the must-have topping for authentic Swedish kardemummabullar)

  • sugar (granulated or brown sugar)
  • cardamom seeds, ground

Topping

  • Cardamom sugar
  • Egg or almond milk for brushing – both to bind the sugar and to give the buns a nice glossy top.

Tips for making the best cardamom rolls

This cardamom buns recipe is straightforward and doesn’t require a ton of ingredients. This is great if you, like me, would rather be eating than spending lots of time cooking.

Don’t overheat milk – the milk should be between 105-115 degrees F (both for dairy and non-dairy/vegan versions). Anything hotter is likely to kill the yeast, which means the cardamom rolls will not rise. I always dip a clean finger into the milk. If it feels warm without burning it’s usually the right temperature. If it’s too hot, simply set the milk aside to cook until it reaches the desired temperature.

Use room temperature non-dairy butter – room temperature butter is a god-sent. It takes the hassle right out of turning this sugar/cardamom/butter into a creamy mixture. Trust me, I’ve tried it all ways – because sometimes a girl just doesn’t have the patience to wait for butter to reach room temperature, you know? Anyway, letting the butter reach room temperature makes the whole baking process much smoother and lets you cream butter and brown sugar together with spices in no time. Plus, it also makes it a breeze to spread the mixture over the dough. It’s a win-win.

Top Baking Tips – How to make the best pillowy soft and gloriously good Authentic Swedish Cardamom Buns

Mix butter and brown sugar to a cream – some people like to spread the butter on the dough first and then rub the brown sugar into the butter. But I make the filling the traditional way the same way my grandmother taught me. Add room-temperature butter to a mixing bowl along with brown sugar and spices. Use a handheld mixer to combine the ingredients and turn them into a cream…if you don’t have a mixer you can use a fork to combine the butter and sugar into a cream. I’ve tried that more than once and it works great although it’s a little more effort.

Use bread flour – the trick to making cardamom buns that stay soft and fluffy is bread flour. Regular all-purpose flour is fine when you make and serve the buns the same day…but for soft buns that still have that pull-apart fluffy dough that’s irresistibly luxe, you want to use bread flour.

Yeast – I always use quick rise or instant yeast to help the buns rise faster and become extra fluffy. You can use active dry yeast, but the buns may take a little longer to rise. If you’re using active dry yeast I would let the dough rise 30-minutes longer.

Ingredients in vegan cardamom rolls

  • water
  • non-dairy milk like almond milk or cashew milk
  • yeast, preferably instant yeast
  • bread flour
  • salted non-dairy vegan butter or margarine
  • granulated sugar
  • cardamom seeds, ground
  • 1 teaspoon salt

Ingredients to make vegan cardamom rolls Filling

  • salted non-dairy butter or margarine
  • granulated sugar
  • salt

Cardamom sugar for topping (the must-have topping for authentic Swedish kardemummabullar)

  • granulated sugar (or brown sugar)
  • cardamom seeds, ground

Topping

  • Cardamom sugar
  • almond milk for brushing – both to bind the sugar and to give the buns a nice glossy top.

Tools you need to make fluffy plant-based cinnamon rolls

These are the tools I recommend for making the best cardamon rolls.

  • A stand mixer with a dough hook…or your hands to knead the dough.
  • Rolling pin – a rolling pin dusted with flour before rolling is a necessity to get your pillowy dough rolled out thinly. Top tip: if you don’t have a rolling pin you can use a clean wine bottle or other glass bottles that have been dusted with flour as a makeshift rolling pin.
  • A lined baking sheet – Or several lined baking sheets. You can line your baking sheet with baking paper or parchment, or use reusable baking sheets. You want to use a lining because the butter and sugar will melt and make a delicious sauce that will Caramelize most deliciously on your buns…but it will burn into your baking trays and make it very hard to clean them.

Best easy way to fold Swedish cinnamon rolls

How to make vegan and authentic Swedish cardamom rolls

Making the filling

Add butter, brown sugar, seasoning, and salt to a bowl and use a handheld mixer to mix into a cream.

Making the cardamom sugar topping

In a bowl or jar, combine granulated sugar and ground cardamom.

Making Scandinavian Cardamon buns

  • Heat milk and butter in a saucepan to lukewarm. Whisk in sugar, salt, and ground cardamom. In a large mixing bowl, add the yeast and a few tablespoons of lukewarm milk to awaken the yeast. Mix to combine and leave for half a minute. Add the rest of the milk and water and combine.
  • Next, mix in all the flour a little at a time until a dough begins to form. At this point, you can transfer the dough to a stand mixer or use your hands to knead the dough. Knead the dough for 5-8 minutes until it’s a nice still lightly sticky dough.
  • Transfer the dough to a well-oiled bowl, and cover it with plastic wrap and a warm towel. Leave the dough to rise at room temperature for 30-minutes.

Making and Baking Kardamumma boller

  • Place the dough on a clean floured surface and roll it out into a 1/4” (1/2cm) thick square. Spread the butter/sugar filling evenly over the dough all the way to the edges. Fold the dough over itself in half. Cut into slices and wrap the dough strips around two fingers to form a knot.
  • Place the cardamom buns on a lined baking sheet and cover them with a clean cloth or plastic wrap. Leave to rise again for 45-90 minutes.
  • Preheat oven to 400F (180Celsius). While the oven heats, brush the buns with beaten eggs or almond milk and sprinkle generously with cardamom sugar.
  • Bake the buns for around 15-17 minutes or until they are golden brown on top and ready.
  • Remove from the oven and place the buns on a rack to cool a little before eating.

How to bake cardamom cinnamon rolls in an air fryer

Can you make cardamom buns in an air fryer? You’re wondering. The answer is “yes”. You can bake these buns in your air fryer in smaller batches of 4-6 at a time depending on the size of your air fryer.

To bake cardamom buns or cinnamon buns in an air fryer just heat the air fryer to 350F (180Celsius) and bake for 10-15 minutes until the buns are golden brown on top and baked to gooey pull-apart fluffy perfection.

How to store cardamom rolls so they don’t go stale

You can store your delicious cardamom rolls at room temperature in a bread box or covered for 1-2 days. After that, you can keep your buns stored in the refrigerator for 4-5 days with no problem. Just reheat for 1-2 minutes in a microwave or air fryer to make them nice, warm, and gooey all over again before eating.

Meal prep cardamom rolls – how to make overnight cinnamon rolls

After making the dough, adding the filling, and folding the dough into buns or knots, place the buns on a lined baking sheet and cover them with plastic wrap. Place the buns in the refrigerator overnight. When you are ready to bake, bring the cardamom rolls to room temperature and let them rise for 45 minutes before baking as directed.

Frequently Asked Questions about Authentic Swedish Cardamom Buns

How to freeze cardamom rolls

– To freeze before baking – the dough should be frozen after the first rise (After making the dough, adding the filling, and folding the dough into buns or knots, place the buns on a lined baking sheet and cover them with plastic wrap). Place in a freezer.
When you are ready to bake, let the dough thaw in the fridge — preferably overnight, then put it in a warm spot for 30 minutes to 1 hour before baking to activate the second rise. Bake cardamom buns as directed.

– To freeze after baking – let the cardamom rolls cool to room temperature after baking. Then you can choose to either freeze the entire tray, making sure they are well covered, or you can choose to freeze individual cardamom rolls. When ready to eat, defrost the cardamom rolls, then warm them in the oven or an air fryer at 350 degrees F (180Celsius) for 10-15 minutes or you can warm them up individually in the microwave for 20-30 seconds (once defrosted).

Air Fryer Cinnamon rolls and cardamom rolls FAQ’s

Can you make cinnamon rolls in the air fryer?

Yes. Cardamom buns and cinnamon rolls can easily be made in an air fryer. You can bake these buns in your air fryer in smaller batches of 4-6 at a time depending on the size of your air fryer.
To bake cardamom buns or cinnamon buns in an air fryer just heat the air fryer to 350F (180Celsius) and bake for 10-15 minutes until the buns are golden brown on top and baked to gooey pull-apart fluffy perfection.

Can I use a bread maker to make cinnamon rolls?

Yes. I haven’t tried this personally as I don’t have a bread maker, but several people have tried making these buns in a bread maker with success.

FAQ – Baking Tips

Can I use all-purpose flour to make cinnamon rolls?

Yes, you can. Bread flour will make the rolls extra soft and fluffy, but using all-purpose flour will still make for delicious cinnamon rolls.

I want to make these but the portion is too large. Can I cut it in half?

Yes. If you want to make less buns you can simply cut the ingredients in half (although I cannot comprehend why anyone would want to make less of these because I would happily eat them all. Lol)

How warm should milk or water be when you mix it with yeast?

No matter what type of yeast you use, you need to make sure it’s added to a liquid that’s between 105 and 115 degrees F. You can also add a little sugar with either yeast to help it get activated.

Which type of yeast is best to make cinnamon rolls?

Instant yeast – or quick-rise yeast makes for the best fluffy buns. The fresh yeast makes the buns rise faster. To help activate the heat quickly, you can dissolve it in a little milk and sugar.

Activate dry yeast – if you’re using active dry yeast you need to add a little liquid and let the yeast dissolve, which is known as “proofing”. When dry yeast is activated it will bubble a little and this lets you know the yeast is ready to use.

No matter what type of yeast you use, you need to make sure it’s added to a liquid that’s between 105 and 115 degrees F. You can also add a little sugar with either yeast to help it get activated.

Are you looking for more tasty vegan baking recipes? You might like some of these reader favorite vegan holiday baking recipes:

The best easy authentic Swedish Cardamom buns (plus the vegan version)

These plant-based easy authentic Swedish Cardamom buns (kardemummabullar) are fluffy, sweet, big, soft, and mouthwateringly delicious. This is the only cardamom roll recipe you will ever need. It’s the best easy fluffy cardamom knots/buns recipe that creates the authentic pull-apart melt-in-your-mouth true Swedish cardamom knots. And it includes options to make ahead of time, overnight, or freeze them. Plus, a vegan version that makes the best authentic Swedish cardamom buns vegan copycat you may ever try.
Course Baking
Cuisine Skandinavian
Keyword vegan
Prep Time 5 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
1 hour 15 minutes
Servings 30 buns
Author Simone – Munchyesta.com

Ingredients

  • 1 ½ + 3tbsp (400g), 4dl Water
  • ¼ cups + 3 tbsp (100 g), 1dl Milk non-dairy like almond milk or cashew milk for the vegan version
  • 5 tbsp (50g) Yeast preferably instant yeast
  • 6 ½ cups (1050 g) Bread Flour
  • 1 cup + 2 tbsp (250g) Salted Butter non-dairy for the vegan version
  • ¾ cups + 3 tbs (200g) Granulated Sugar
  • 2 tsp Ground Cardamom
  • Pinch of salt

Filling

  • 1 ½ cups (300g) Salted Butter non-dairy butter for the vegan version
  • 1 cup + 3 tbsp (250g) Granulated Sugar
  • ½ tsp salt
  • 1 tsp Ground Cardamom
  • ½ tsp Allspice

Cardamom sugar (for kardemummabullar)

  • 3 tbsp Granulated Sugar
  • 3 tbsp Ground Cardamom

Topping

  • Cardamom Sugar
  • Egg or almond milk for brushing

Instructions

Making the filling

  • Add butter, brown sugar, seasoning, and salt to a bowl and use a handheld mixer to mix into a cream.

Making the cardamom sugar topping

  • In a bowl or jar, combine granulated sugar and ground cardamom. 
  • Heat milk and butter in a saucepan to lukewarm. Whisk in sugar, salt, and ground cardamom. In a large mixing bowl, add the yeast and a few tablespoons of lukewarm milk to awaken the yeast. Mix to combine and leave for half a minute. Add the rest of the milk and water and combine. 
  • Next, mix in all the flour a little at a time until a dough begins to form. At this point, you can transfer the dough to a stand mixer or use your hands to knead the dough. Knead the dough for 5-8 minutes until it’s a nice still lightly sticky dough. 
  • Transfer the dough to a well-oiled bowl, and cover it with plastic wrap and a warm towel. Leave the dough to rise at room temperature for 30-minutes.
  • Place the dough on a clean floured surface and roll it out into a 1/4” (1/2cm) thick square. Spread the butter/sugar filling evenly over the dough to the edges. Fold the dough over itself in half. Cut into slices and wrap the dough strips around two fingers to form a knot. 
  • Place the cardamom buns on a lined baking sheet and cover them with a clean cloth or plastic wrap. Leave to rise again for 45-90 minutes. 
  • Preheat oven to 400F (180Celsius). While the oven heats, brush the buns with beaten eggs or almond milk and sprinkle generously with cardamom sugar. 
    Bake the buns for around 15-17 minutes or until they are golden brown on top and ready.
    Remove from the oven and place the buns on a rack to cool a little before eating.

Notes

Baking tip:
For extra soft and fluffy buns, place a pan filled with water in the bottom of the oven (make sure your oven is safe to use with water and damp).

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